School integration was met with bitter resistance. Arkansas was one state that had done little to integrate its schools.
In 1957, the Supreme Court ordered the Governor of Arkansas, Orval Faubus, to let 9 black students attend a white school in Little Rock.
Faubus ordered his state troops to prevent the black students from attending school. He claimed he could not ‘guarantee their safety’.
Faubus only backed down when President Eisenhower sent federal troops to protect the students. They stayed for 6 weeks.