Death of Hindenburg and Army Oath

Death of Hindenburg

On 2nd August 1934 President Hindenburg died and Hitler took his place, declaring himself both Chancellor and President. In combining the two roles he declared himself Germany’s Führer (Supreme Leader). Hitler realised that he needed to get public approval for combining the two positions. A plebiscite (a public vote, like a referendum) was organised. More than 90% of voters (38 million) agreed he should become Führer, only four and a half million dared to disagree. This put Hitler in an extremely secure position moving forward.

The Army Oath

Finally, Hitler had to ensure the support of the army. Hitler was now the Supreme Commander of the armed forces, so he made all soldiers swear to obey him by making an oath of personal allegiance (loyalty). They were declaring that they would risk their life for him at any time.

With all of this overwhelming support behind him, Hitler could confidently govern Germany as he wished.

The Weimar Republic had ended and Hitler’s Third Reich had begun.